Poland China

Poland China originated in the early 1800's and were bred to have sound movement. During the 1800's, producers walked Poland Chinas to market, so they had to be sound enough to travel several hundred miles. Poland Chinas are known for being big framed, long bodied, lean, muscular hogs that lead the pork industry in pounds of hogs produced per sow per year. The Poland China breed standard requires all animals to be black with six white points. These white points must be located on the face, feet, and tip of the tail. The Poland breed requires a pigs ears to be down and not show any evidence of belt formation. Poland Chinas must not possess more than one solid black leg or they will be disqualified for registration. Other breed disqualifications include red or sandy hair color, tail docking, or any evidence of ear tampering. 

Landrace are white hogs with large floppy ears that hang parallel to the bridge of their nose. Landrace are known for their mothering ability, large litter sizes, and good milking ability. Landrace cross well with other breeds and produce long bodied offspring. When harvested, Landrace are known for producing a high percentage of carcass weight. A Landrace cannot be registered if they possess any hair color rather than white on their body. Landrace are ineligible for registration if they have upright ears, less than six functional teats on either side, contain inverted teats, have extra dewclaws, or large black spots on any part of the body.
The Yorkshire breed is white in color, with erect ears. Yorkshires are the most recorded breed in the United States and Canada. Yorkshire are popular because of their muscular, low back fat, high percent lean carcasses. More importantly, Yorkshires are durable, sound hogs that are excellent mothers. Yorkshires are known as "the mother breed" because of the outstanding milking and mothering abilities. The Yorkshire breed requirement states that animals are ineligible for registration if they possess less than six teats on either side of their underline, have any hair color other than white, blind, have extra dewclaws or possess a hernia, rupture, hermaphroditism, cryprochidism, or any black spots in the skin larger than a quarter. However, small amounts of black pigmentation are allowed on the body of the animal.
The Hampshire breed is black with a white belt extending over the front shoulders and down the front legs. Hampshires have erect ears and are known for being heavy muscled, lean, aggressive hogs with large loin eye areas, and possess less back fat. As a result, Hampshire boars make good terminal sires. Hampshires are the third most recorded breed in the United States. Hampshires are packer preferred because of their carcass quality and thin skin, which makes processing easier. The Hampshire breed requirements state that Hamps must have at least six functional teats on each side of their underline, must be black in color with a white belt totally encircling the body, including both front legs and feet. Hamps can have white on their nose as long as the white does not break the rim of the nose and when the animalĂ­s mouth is closed, the white under the chin can not exceed what a United States quarter will cover. White is allowed on the rear legs of a Hamp as long as it does not extend above the tuber calis bone, which is better known as the knob of the hock. As of January 2005, Hampshires with a swirl hair pattern may be registered. Hampshires classified as off belts may be used for breeding purposes and their offspring eligible for registration.
Chester White
The Chester White breed is known for its mothering ability, durability, and structural soundness. For many years, Chester Whites have been popular with pork producers because of their extreme longevity. Packers prefer Chester Whites because of their white colored skin is easily removed during the harvesting process. The Chester White breed standards require a pig to be solid white and have medium sized d ears that point downward. Chester Whites are ineligible for registration if any other color pigmentation is larger than a silver dollar or shows any signs of ear tampering.


The Berkshire breed has long been known for its efficiency in gaining weight. Berkshire hogs have possessed their excellent carcass quality since the early 1800's. The meat quality of the Berkshire is unique because it has a greater proportion of lean meat intermixed with streaks of fat. This intramuscular fat gives more marbling in comparison to other breeds. When cooked the increased marbling produces a juicer pork product with more flavor for the consumer. Like all the swine breeds that end in "shire", Berkshires have erect ears. In fact, the word shire means erect. The Berkshire breed standard requires a pig to have a color pattern consisting of only black and white hairs. The white points must appear on the nose, feet, and tail. These white points can be missing and any additional white points may appear on the body of the animal. Animals that are ineligible for registration would possess hair colors other than black and white, have less than 12 teats, have one or more swirled hair patterns, show signs of blindness, contain rectal or uterine prolapse, be born with hermaphroditism, be born with anal atresia, be born with cryptorchidism, or develop a scrotal or umbilical hernia.

Blue Butt

Blue butt pigs are a cross between a Hampshire pig and either a Yorkshire or a Chester White pig. These pigs are white in color with gray or bluish bottoms. Caring for these pigs is the same as caring for any farm pig. They are intelligent animals that require basic cleanliness, enough to eat and drink and a suitable living environment.